Georgina specialises in employment, discrimination, commercial employment law & business protection, investigations, data protection & information law, professional discipline, personal injury (employer’s liability & human rights abuses), private international law and group claim litigation, acting for both Claimants and Respondents or Defendants at all levels of court and tribunal. She has a particular interest and expertise in the interplay between her core specialisms with European and human rights law and was recently awarded a Phoenicia Scholarship by the Bar European Group. She has considerable appellate experience, having acted led in the Court of Appeal and unled in the EAT on multiple occasions. She is also currently instructed as a junior counsel in a High Court destructive stress at work case led by Steven Snowden QC. Prior to joining the Bar Georgina amassed substantial experience in employment & discrimination law as a University Lecturer, Judicial Assistant in the Court of Appeal and at the coal face as a Law Centre Caseworker. She sits on the Executive Committee of the Discrimination Law Association and is currently writing a book on Pregnancy and Maternity Discrimination due to be published in 2021.

Equally at home in a trial or appellate setting, Georgina enjoys tackling witness heavy, complex and novel litigation at first instance and on appeal either as sole counsel or working collaboratively in a team of counsel. She has appeared before the Court of Appeal (led), Employment Appeal Tribunal (unled), Employment Tribunal and County Court in appeals, multi-day trials, remedies hearings, interim applications and preliminary hearings. Her employment cases have set leading precedent and have been reported in the IRLR, CMLR, All Eng LR, ICLR and WLR as well as featuring in Michael Rubenstein’s top employment cases to watch in their respective year. Owing to her prior experience as a Lecturer and Judicial Assistant at the Court of Appeal, she is also adept at drafting pleadings, schedules and advices involving complex points of law.

Having spent time in a solicitor’s office Georgina understands the need for prompt, commercial and client friendly advice and enjoys fostering a close working relationship with instructing solicitors in order to achieve the best results for every client. As such she is keen to be involved in litigation from an early stage where clients can benefit from specialist advice on pleadings and litigation strategy to significant commercial gain.

Prior to joining Chambers Georgina was a Judicial Assistant in the Court of Appeal to Lord Justice Moore-Bick (Vice President) and Lord Justice Irwin where she gained experience in a wide range of employment, civil, commercial, public and international law disputes. She also lectured employment & discrimination law at the University of Surrey and tutored constitutional & administrative law and tort law at King’s College London and Queen Mary University of London. Additionally, she gained extensive advocacy and advisory experience in employment law as an Employment Caseworker at a Law Centre where she independently ran her own caseload of employment tribunal claims and as a Free Representation Unit volunteer. She has completed a stage at the European Court of Human Rights and was also part of the Cambridge Pro Bono Project Team which advised the Inter-American Court of Human Rights on an Advisory Opinion.

Outside of Chambers Georgina enjoys surfing, tennis, skiing, cycling, guitar, photography and mixology. She also has a love of live music, festivals and travel.

Commercial Employment Law & Business Protection
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Georgina acts for both Senior Executives and Employers in the full range of commercial employment and business protection matters, including bonus and other contractual disputes, restrictive covenant disputes, team moves and disputes concerning breach of directors duties, fiduciary duties, duties of confidence and database rights. She welcomes instructions as either sole counsel or led by more senior counsel.

Whilst a Judicial Assistant in the Court of Appeal she worked on Brogden v Investec Bank Plc [2016] EWCA Civ 1031, an appeal concerning the interpretation of contractual bonus provisions.

Examples of her recent instructions include: –

  • Acting a sole counsel in a High Court action for breach of contractual sick pay provisions [High Court, Breach of Contract].
  • Drafting a Letter Before Action and Deed of Undertaking for an employer, in the recruitment sector, in a data theft case [Employee Competition & Business Protection].
  • Advising an employee in the tech sector on the effect of proposed post termination restrictions [Employee Competition & Business Protection].
Employment & Discrimination
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Georgina specialises in the full spectrum of individual, collective, commercial and international employment law as well as discrimination law in employment, education, goods and services. She appears at all levels of court and tribunal at first instance and on appeal and acts for Claimants, Senior Executives, Respondents and Trade Unions across a range of sectors, with an increasing focus on the financial services, media, NHS, higher education and civil service sectors. Her practice is split roughly 50/50 between Claimant and Respondent work.

Owing to her prior background as a FRU Volunteer, Employment Caseworker, Lecturer in employment & discrimination law and Judicial Assistant in the Court of Appeal, Georgina has employment and discrimination experience beyond her call date. As such she is fast developing a busy trial, appellate and paperwork practice and enjoys repeat instructions from loyal clients at tier 1 Claimant and Respondent employment firms. She recently appeared as junior counsel in her second case in the Court of Appeal and is currently instructed as sole counsel in a number of EAT cases. She sits on the Executive Committee of the Discrimination Law Association and is currently writing a book on Pregnancy and Maternity Discrimination due to be published in 2021.

Whilst appearing in a broad range of employment disputes, Georgina has a particular interest in whistleblowing, discrimination, commercial employment and business protection, employment status and working time cases. She also has a particular enthusiasm for utilising European and human rights law to advance her client’s case and was recently awarded a Phoenicia Scholarship by the Bar European Group. She is well placed to put her experience in personal injury to effect when dealing with discrimination claims or tricky quantum disputes.

She has a complementary practice in stress at work and workplace harassment, and investigations details of which can be viewed separately.

She regularly presents talks and provides training to solicitors, details of which can be found here.  In particular, she is well placed to act in employment claims arising from COVID-19 having provided training to solicitors on the CJRS and advised a Trade Union on the rights of its members at work.

Examples of Georgina’s current and recent employment and discrimination work include:

APPELLATE WORK 

Court of Appeal

Georgina has experience appearing as junior counsel and drafting grounds of appeal, skeleton arguments and costs protection applications in appeals.

  • Ibrahim v HCA International Ltd [2019] EWCA Civ 2007 (led). Appeal clarifying the operation of the subjective limb of the public interest test in Chesterton v Nurmohamed [Whistleblowing].
  • Gomes v Higher Level Care Ltd [2018] EWCA Civ 418(led). This is the leading case on compensation for breaches of the Working Time Directive and was one of Michael Rubenstein’s top employment cases to watch owing to the case’s significant implications for the protection of workers’ rights. Georgina acted at all stages of proceedings [Working Time].
  • Chesterton v Nurmohamed [2017] EWCA Civ 979 (as a judicial assistant). Whistleblowing appeal concerning the public interest test under s43A ERA 1996 [Whistleblowing].
  • Interim Executive Board of Al Harij School v Chief Inspector of Education, Children’s Services and Skills [2017] EWCA Civ 1787 (as a judicial assistant). Discrimination appeal concerning the concept of direct mirrored sex discrimination and segregation in schools [Discrimination].
  • Brogden v Investec Bank Plc [2016] EWCA Civ 1031 (as a judicial assistant). Breach of contract appeal concerning bankers’ bonuses [Commercial, Breach of Contract].

Employment Appeal Tribunal

Georgina has experience acting as sole counsel drafting grounds of appeal, skeleton arguments and appearing unled in the EAT.

  • Instructed to draft Grounds of Appeal in an appeal against a case management decision and the application of the principles in Kwik Save Stores Ltd v Swain [1979] ICR 49 (ongoing, unled) [Procedure].
  • Instructed to advise and draft Grounds of Appeal in a case concerning the law of contributory conduct in unfair dismissal. Georgina successfully obtained permission to appeal with a 1-day hearing scheduled in 2021 where she will appear unled. [Unfair Dismissal].
  • Gomes v Higher Level Care [2016] IRLR 678 (unled). This is the leading case on compensation for breaches of the Working Time Directive and was one of Michael Rubenstein’s top employment cases to watch owing to the case’s significant implications for the protection of workers’ rights [Working Time].

TRIALS

Georgina regularly appears as sole counsel in multi-day trials for both Respondents and Claimants. Examples of her current and recent work as sole counsel include being:

  • Instructed by the Claimant, a Consultant Doctor in an NHS Trust, in an 8-day Whistleblowing, Dismissal and Detriment dispute and associated High Court proceedings for breach of contract (ongoing) [Whistleblowing] [Breach of Contract] [High Court Employment Law].  
  • Instructed by the Claimant, a firefighter, in an 8-day disability discrimination, discrimination arising from disability, victimisation, harassment, unfair dismissal and unlawful deduction from wages trial (ongoing). [Disability Discrimination].
  • Instructed by the Claimant working as a University Tutor & Lecturer in a 7-day disability discrimination, reasonable adjustments, harassment, unfair dismissal and unlawful deduction of wages liability trial (ongoing) [Disability Discrimination, Harassment, Failure to Make Reasonable Adjustments, Unfair Dismissal, Unlawful Deductions].
  • Instructed by the Respondent a Global Marketing agency in the publishing sector, in a 6-day Sex Discrimination, Disability Discrimination, Harassment and Failure to Make Reasonable Adjustments trial) (ongoing) [Sex Discrimination, Disability Discrimination, Harassment, Failure to Make Reasonable Adjustments].
  • Instructed by the Claimant working in the banking sector in a 5-day direct sex discrimination, discrimination by association, victimisation and sexual harassment case (matter settled on favourable terms to the Claimant shortly before trial)[Sex Discrimination, Victimisation, Harassment].
  • Instructed on behalf of the Claimant working the advertising sector, in a 5-day constructive unfair dismissal and health & safety dismissal trial (ongoing) [Constructive unfair dismissal, Health and Safety Dismissal].
  • Instructed by the Respondent, a national retailer, in a 4-day race discrimination, harassment, victimisation and holiday pay case. Georgina advised settlement on very favourable terms to the Respondent shortly before trial [Race Discrimination, Victimisation, Harassment, Holiday Pay, Unlawful Deductions].
  • Instructed by the Claimant working in the care sector in a 4-day employment status, working time, unlawful deduction of wages, breach of contract and holiday pay trial. Georgina obtained a 5-figure judgment for the Claimant [Employment Status, Working Time, Breach of Contract, Unlawful Deductions].
  • Instructed by the Claimant working in the civil service in a 3-day unfair dismissal claim following dismissal on gross misconduct grounds. Georgina successfully obtained a finding of unfair dismissal.  [Unfair Dismissal – Conduct].
  • Instructed by the Respondent in a 3-day trial (ongoing).
  • Instructed by the Claimant an army reservist working in the finance sector in a 3-day trial [Unfair Dismissal – Capability].
  • Instructed by the Respondent in a 2-day trial (ongoing)
  • Instructed by the Claimant working in the tech sector in a 2-day constructive unfair dismissal and wrongful dismissal trial. Georgina obtained a five figure Judgment for the Claimant [Constructive Unfair Dismissal, Wrongful Dismissal]
  • Instructed by the Respondent a Global Company in a 1-day trial (ongoing)

PRELIMINARY HEARINGS & JUDICIAL MEDIATIONS

  • Appearing at numerous preliminary hearings on various matters, including applying for or resisting applications for strike out, amendment, deposit orders, disclosure and case management hearings.
  • Instructed by numerous Respondents to appear at Judicial Mediations (ongoing).
  • Instructed by the Respondent NHS Trust in a 1-day dispute concerning alleged collective consultation failures under TUPE (ongoing) [TUPE].
  • Instructed by the Claimants in a 1-day dispute concerning whether a relevant transfer took place for the purposes of regulation 3 TUPE [TUPE].
  • Instructed on behalf of the Claimant Director and 50% shareholder in the Respondent Company, in a 2-day preliminary hearing surrounding employee and worker status (Matter settled on favourable terms to the Claimant during the course of trial) [Employment Status].

DRAFTING

Georgina’s drafting experience includes:

  • Drafting Particulars of Claim and Response, Schedules of Loss, requests and responses for further and better particulars and disclosure applications in the full range of statutory employment claims.
  • Drafting Grounds of Appeal and skeleton arguments in appeals to the EAT and Court of Appeal[Appellate].
  • Drafting a Defence for an employer, an NHS Trust, in a Data Protection, Misuse of Private Information & Breach of Confidence Matter [Data Protection, Misuse of Private Information, Breach of Confidence].
  • Drafting a Letter Before Action and Deed of Undertaking for an employer, in the recruitment sector, in a data theft case [Employee Competition & Business Protection].
  • Instructed by the Claimant to draft a letter before action, DSAR and without prejudice correspondence in a maternity discrimination, whistleblowing, wrongful dismissal and holiday pay claim [Maternity discrimination, whistleblowing, wrongful dismissal, holiday pay].

ADVISORY

Georgina welcomes instructions to advise on all manner of employment disputes. Having acted as a Judicial Assistant at the Court of Appeal producing opinions on appeals for Lord Justices on a daily basis and having herself drafted grounds of appeal and skeleton arguments in matters before both the Court of Appeal and EAT, she is also well placed to advise on potential grounds of appeal.

Examples of Georgina’s advisory experience include:

  • Instructed to advise a Trade Union on the rights of its members during the COVID-19 crisis [Constructive Unfair Dismissal, detriment, unlawful deduction of wages, whistleblowing, interim injunctions].
  • Parties confidential: successfully obtained full quantum at the pre-action stage of proceedings in a breach of contract claim against an International & Premier League Footballer [Breach of Contract].
  • Parties confidential: advised an employee in the tech sector on the effect of proposed post termination restrictions [Employee Competition & Business Protection].
  • Advised peripatetic worker on a complex territorial jurisdiction case [Jurisdiction, International Employment Law].
  • Instructed to advise on the merits of a claim in unfair and wrongful dismissal for a Claimant in the publishing sector [Constructive Unfair Dismissal, Health and Safety Dismissal].
  • Instructed to advise on the merits of a claim in unfair dismissal for a Claimant in the energy sector [Unfair Dismissal – Conduct].
  • Instructed to advise on the merits of a claims for unfair dismissal and wrongful dismissal for numerous Claimants in the retail sector [Unfair Dismissal – Conduct].
  • Instructed to advise on the implications of the TUPE regulations for the Defendant employment in a civil claim [TUPE].
  • Parties confidential: advised a Claimant in the retail sector in a complex disability discrimination, harassment, victimisation, failure to make reasonable adjustments and unfair dismissal claim [Discrimination, Harassment, Victimisation, Unfair Dismissal- Capability].
  • Parties confidential: advised a Claimant in the IT sector on a complex perceived disability discrimination claim [Discrimination].
  • Parties confidential: advised a Claimant in the hospitality sector on an unfair dismissal and unlawful deduction of wages claim [Unfair Dismissal – Conduct].
  • Parties confidential: advised a Claimant in the cleaning industry on an unlawful deduction of wages and breach of contract claim [Breach of Contract].
  • Parties confidential: advised a Claimant in the security sector on the effect of a TUPE transfer [TUPE].
Investigations
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As an adjunct to her employment and discrimination practice, Georgina welcomes instructions in internal or regulatory investigations either as sole or junior counsel.

She is particularly well suited to assisting with investigations into Whistleblowing, Discrimination, Sexual Harassment and Data Protection.

Data Protection & Information Law
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Georgina’s employment instructions often intersect with data protection issues and she is well placed to put her experience in personal injury to effect when dealing with claims for non-material damage under the GDPR and distress under the DPA 2018.

She accepts instructions to advise or appear in matters involving the Freedom of Information Act, Data Protection Act, General Data Protection Regulation, Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations, Art 8 and 10 ECHR, Breach of Confidence and Misuse of Private Information.

She has a particular enthusiasm for utilising European and human rights law to advance her client’s case and was recently awarded a Phoenicia Scholarship by the Bar European Group.

Examples of Georgina’s current work in this field include: –

  • Instructed to settle a Defence for an employer, an NHS Trust, in a Data Protection, Misuse of Private Information & Breach of Confidence Matter [DPA 1998, Misuse of Private Information, Breach of Confidence].
  • Instructed to advise a private members club on its liability under the Data Protection Act 2018 and GDPR [GDPR, DPA 2018, Misuse of Private Information, Breach of Confidence].
  • Instructed to advise and draft numerous Data Subject Access Requests in connection with proposed Employment Tribunal Proceedings [DPA 2018].
Stress at Work & Harassment
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Owing to her employment, discrimination and personal injury expertise Georgina is well placed to advise and represent parties in occupational stress and harassment claims in the County Court and High Court where she acts for both Claimants and Defendants.

Her employment and discrimination expertise allows her to add value to her clients by being well appraised of the full spectrum of claims open to Claimants in employment, discrimination and tort law, the tactical and commercial merits of pursuing litigation in either the Employment Tribunal or civil courts and the jurisdictional issues presented by overlapping claims such as cause of action and issue estoppel.

She has experience in claims arising from psychiatric injuries caused by breaches of contract and negligence (bullying & overwork), discrimination, harassment (both s.26 Equality Act 2010 and Protection from Harassment Act 1997 claims).

Examples of Georgina’s recent work include:

  • Instructed as junior counsel by the Claimant, a former University Lecturer, in a High Court destructive stress at work claim, led by Steven Snowden QC (ongoing) [Multi Track] [Breach of Contract, Negligence, Sexual Orientation Discrimination & Harassment].
  • Instructed as sole counsel by the Claimant working in the civil service in an occupational stress claim (ongoing) [Fast Track] [Breach of Contract, Negligence, Race Discrimination & Harassment].
  • Instructed as sole counsel by the Claimant working in the accounting sector in an occupational stress claim (ongoing) [Multi Track] [Breach of Contract].
Professional Discipline & Regulatory
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Georgina welcomes instructions from employees, employers and regulators in professional discipline and regulatory matters. Prior to coming to the Bar, she gained experience advising an accountant seeking to challenge disciplinary action taken against him during the course of training.

Examples of Georgina’s recent work include:

  • Drafting written submissions for use in a disciplinary hearing for an FX trader employed by a Global Bank accused of professional misconduct in the financial services sector. [Financial Services, Financial Conduct Authority].
  • Drafting written submissions for use in an appeal hearing for an FX trader employed by a Global Bank accused of professional misconduct in the financial services sector. [Financial Services, Financial Conduct Authority].

EU & Human Rights Law
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Georgina has a particular interest and expertise in EU & human rights law and enjoys applying EU and human rights law to her core areas of practice to find novel remedies for her clients. Her employment cases have been reported in the Common Market Law Review and she was recently awarded the Phoenicia Scholarship by the Bar European Group.

She has a strong grasp of human rights law having taken specialist options in civil liberties and international human rights in her LLM at Cambridge University and having undertaken a stage at the ECtHR. Before coming to the Bar, she was Visiting Lecturer in public law at King’s College London and Teaching Fellow in public administrative law at Queen Mary University. As a Judicial Assistant in the Court of Appeal she also wrote opinions on a number of appeals involving points of EU law and human rights law.

As such Georgina is well placed to act in employment, data protection and personal injury cases requiring an understanding of European and human rights law

Personal Injury
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During pupillage Georgina gained exposure to a number of multi-million-pound catastrophic personal injury claims.  Utilising her background in employment & discrimination law and domestic and international human rights, she now focusses her practice on stress at work, sexual harassment at work, employers’ liability, vicarious liability, modern slavery and human rights abuses, including torture & inhuman and degrading treatment. She acts for both Claimant’s and Defendant’s in higher value fast track and multi-track litigation.

Georgina is happy to accept instructions to represent parties at trial, in CCMC’s, interlocutory applications and appeals. She also regularly advises on liability, quantum and procedural matters and drafts pleadings, schedules of loss and questions to experts.

She is well placed to act in modern slavery cases and other disputes involving intentional torts, inhuman and degrading treatment and torture having spent a year teaching tort and public law at Queen Mary University, and as a Visiting Lecturer in public law at King’s College London, alongside having taken specialist options in civil liberties and human rights during her LLM at Cambridge University, and a stage at the ECtHR.

She also enjoys advising on points of EU law and was recently awarded the Phoenicia Scholarship by the Bar European Group. In that regard, during pupillage she gained experience in a number of MIB related matters including:

  • Writing an advice for Richard Methuen QC on an Arbitration under the Untraced Drivers’ Agreement 2003 raising questions of whether Article 10 of Council Directive 2009/103/EC has direct or indirect effect.
  • Writing an advice for Stephen Worthington QC on the liability of an Article 75 insurer for aggravated damages following injuries sustained consequent to a terrorist attack, raising complex points on the distinction between aggravated and exemplary damages and the concept of personal injury in EU law.

Examples of Georgina’s recent work include:

  • Instructed as junior counsel in a High Court destructive stress at work claim to act for the Claimant, a former University Lecturer (led by Steven Snowden QC) (Multi Track) [Stress at Work].
  • Instructed to Advise a Trade Union on the rights of its members in relation to PPE during the COVID-19 crisis [Employers’ Liability].
  • Settling the Defence for an employer in a data protection, misuse of private information and breach of confidence matter (Multi Track) [Employers’ Liability, Data Protection]. 
  • Settling Particulars of Claim and a Schedule of Loss for a Claimant working in the accounting sector in an occupation stress claim (ongoing) (Multi Track) [Stress at Work]. 
  • Settling Particulars of claim for a Claimant working in the civil service in an occupational stress claim (ongoing) (Fast Track) [Stress at Work]. 
  • Instructed to advise on the implications of the TUPE regulations for the Defendant employer in a civil claim [TUPE].
  • Successfully representing numerous Defendant employers at trial in claims for personal injuries allegedly sustained during the course of employment (Fast Track) [Employers’ Liability].
  • Various allocation, approval, directions and application hearings including applications for strike out, disclosure and relief from sanctions (Fast Track & Multi Track). [Personal Injury].
Private International Law & Travel
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Georgina has a strong interest in private international law, in particular international employment law, and is keen to build her practice in this area. She is particularly well placed to advise on points of EU law and was recently awarded the Phoenicia Scholarship by the Bar European Group.

Judgments Regulation

As a Judicial Assistant to Lord Justice Moore-Bick she gained experience in the Judgments Regulation, having worked on Barclays Bank Plc v ENPAM [2016] All ER (D) 84 (Dec).

Lugano Convention

During pupillage she gained experience researching (i) the distinction between matters relating to tort and insurance and (ii) the lis pendens provisions, under the Lugano Convention 2007 (for William Audland QC).

Group Claim Litigation
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Georgina enjoys working collaboratively in a team of solicitors and counsel. She welcomes instructions to act in group claim litigation in employment & discrimination law, personal injury law (including domestic and international human rights abuses) and data protection law.

Reported Cases
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Court of Appeal

Ibrahim v HCA International Ltd [2019] EWCA Civ 2007 (led) [Whistleblowing].

Gomes v Higher Level Care Ltd [2018] EWCA Civ 418 (led) [Working Time].

 

Employment Appeal Tribunal

Gomes v Higher Level Care [2016] IRLR 678 (unled) [Working Time].

Qualifications & Awards
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Qualifications

LLB (UCL)

LLM (Jesus College Cambridge) specialising in employment, equality, civil liberties & international human rights law

BPTC (City University) options in employment law and professional negligence

Prizes & Scholarships

Faculty of Laws Research Prize (UCL)

Eastham, Thomas More and Hardwicke Scholar (Lincoln’s Inn)

Phoenicia Scholar (Bar European Group)

Appointments & Memberships
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Appointments

Attorney General’s Junior Junior Panel of Counsel

Former Judicial Assistant to Lord Justice Moore-Bick and Lord Justice Irwin

Former Visiting Lecturer in Public Law at King’s College London

Former Visiting Lecturer in Employment & Discrimination Law at Surrey University

Former Teaching Fellow in Public Administrative Law and Tort Law at Queen Mary University of London

Memberships

DLA (Executive Committee Member)

ELBA

ELA

ILS

BEG

PIBA

Advocate

Free Representation Unit

Talks & Presentations
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COVID-19 and Employment Law: including furlough & redundancy and health & safety detriment & dismissal (with Jeremy McKeown).

Jhuti & Beyond: Knowledge in unfair dismissal, whistleblowing dismissal and detriment claims (12KBW Employment Junior to Juniors).

Mock Employment Tribunal (Various solicitors firms).

Discrimination, Bullying & Harassment in the Military (12KBW Military Claims Seminar, with Michael Rawlinson QC).

Publications
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A Practical Guide to the Law of Pregnancy and Maternity Discrimination (forthcoming 2021)